Malware protection is important for every device, whether it is a laptop, desktop, or mobile device. But have you ever thought about what malware is? To help you to identify and securely remove malwares I am going to cover the following topics in this article.
What is Malware or Malware Definition
Malware is malicious software that is intentionally meant to harm you or your device. If your laptop, desktop, or mobile device becomes infected with malwares, it may slow down or stop operating completely. Malware can also delete or steal data, harming your privacy.
How can you get Infected with Malware?
Malware may enter your device in a variety of ways. For example, opening an attachment in a spam email or clicking on an infected link or advertisement. Malwares may cause havoc on your device and expose you to data theft if left unchecked. Most malware, fortunately, is simple to remove using Anti-Virus.
Types of Malware
Malware behaves in a variety of ways. Malware may be hidden in email attachments or may spy on you via your device’s camera. Some malware (ransomware) even blackmails your files until you pay a ransom.
Malware is classified into several categories. Let’s look at each category and how it behaves so you can understand the types of risks your device may face:
- Trojan horse
Type 01: Worm
Worms are a sort of virus that spreads from computer to computer without infecting other things on the same machine. They may spread across networks by exploiting the weaknesses of individual devices. Worms, like other forms of malware, can affect your device by using bandwidth and sending malicious code payloads.
Type 02: Adware
Adware is an abbreviation for advertising-supported software. You may unintentionally accept the download of adware. This form of malicious software is to cause unauthorized pop-up ads. Adware is sometimes bundled with spyware by hackers, making it very harmful. As a result, never click on an ad that appears suspicious.
Type 03: Spyware
Spyware differs from the other categories in that it is not a technical term, but rather a catch-all word for programs such as adware, riskware, and Trojans. Spyware may track your internet activities, record what keys you hit, and collect your personal information.
Type 04: Virus
A virus is a sort of malware that may replicate itself and spread throughout your device’s system.
Type 05: Bots
Bots are designed to do specified tasks automatically. Some bots are made for genuine reasons. Bots, for example, can crawl websites and collect content to index them in search engines. Bots, when employed maliciously, may scrape and capture personal data for hackers to exploit it.
Type 06: Ransomware
Ransomware restricts access to your device or keeps files on your device ransom for a price. Hackers use ransomware to collect money from consumers in exchange for restoring control to their devices.
Type 07: Rootkit
A rootkit is a software program that criminals use to avoid detection while gaining illegal access to a computer. Hackers use rootkits to remotely access and steal your information.
Type 08: Trojan horse
A Trojan horse, or Trojan for short, is malware that sets itself up as a normal file yet performs a malicious function on the computer. You may not notice you are downloading malwares when you download a Trojan.
Trojans can perform a variety of purposes, including data theft. Trojans include the following:
- Trojan droppers : These are programs that contain code with the ability to secretly install malicious programs onto your computer.
- Trojan downloaders : These can download and install new versions of malicious programs onto your computer.
- Banking Trojans : These programs disguise themselves as genuine apps and steal banking information when you download them.
- Trojan spies : These track your activity and send information on your behavior to cybercriminals.
- Backdoor Trojans : These malicious programs find their way onto your computer by exploiting vulnerabilities without your knowledge.
Why is Malware Protection Important?
Malware protection is the most effective technique to defend yourself from internet risks. If you do not take the necessary precautions to protect yourself from malware, your device and private data (for example, banking information) are accessible and/or exploited. Malware prevention is important for keeping your devices and data safe.
How to Protect Against Malware
With so much of our personal data now being kept online, the possibility of malware taking our private data to exploit for malicious purposes has never been more real or dangerous. However, there are various methods to safeguard oneself. Follow our advice below to ensure you’re doing all possible to keep malware from infecting your devices and accessing your sensitive information.
- Use anti-virus protection
- Install anti-virus software on your phone
- Only download apps from trusted sites
- Check developer descriptions
- Read user reviews
- Check out the number of downloads
- Check permissions requested
- Do not click on unverified links
- Keep operating system and apps updated
- Be mindful of using free WiFi
- Never use unknown USBs.