In this article, we will compare C vs C++ programming languages and we will also see similarities between them.
C and C++ (C plus plus or Cpp) are two of the oldest programming languages still in use today. C++ is directly derived from C, but it is more efficient and productive. Of course, each programming language has advantages and disadvantages.
To provide you with an overview of C vs C++.
- C++ is an upgraded version of the C programming language that also has the added benefit of being object-oriented.
- C was the driving force behind the development of not just C++, but also several other popular high-level programming languages such as Java, PHP, and Python.
What is C?
C, sometimes known as the “Father of Modern Programming”, first appeared in 1972. Dennis Ritchie created it while working at Bells Labs. Though it was originally designed to produce utilities that could operate on the Unix platform, it is today one of the world’s most commonly used programming languages.
C is a systems programming language because it is a procedural programming language that operates at the lowest level of abstraction. It is compiled, light, and supports manual memory management.
The C programming language’s strength is its performance. C is a programming language that may be use on a variety of platforms by programmers and developers. What’s the bottom line? C can be used to code nearly anything.
Pros and Cons of C
|An extremely lightweight language||Not object-oriented|
|Support for both low-level and high-level programming||Lacking in many quality-of-life features, such as exception handling|
|Procedural and system-level programming structure||A low level of abstraction, making it harder to read and program|
What is C++?
C++, created by Bjarne Stroustrup, first appeared in 1985 and was regard as the finest prodigy of C. In 1979, Bjarne began the development of the programming language at Bell Labs. He wished to create a more efficient and adaptable extension to the C programming language.
C++ Supports Object-oriented programming. It provides little abstraction and necessitates manual memory management. C++ is similar to C in that it is lightweight and compiled. It may also be use to create apps for a variety of platforms.
C++ is a programming language that is similar to, but superior to, C. C++, like its initial inspiration, the C computer language, continues to have an impact on high-level programming languages such as C# and Java.
Pros and Cons of C++
|An extremely portable and versatile language||Pointers can make code difficult to write and read|
|Quality-of-life features such as memory management||Some security issues|
|Community support||Lacking some modern features like garbage collection|
Similarities between C vs C++
- Both languages have a similar syntax.
- The code structure of both languages is the same.
- The compilation of both languages is similar.
- They share the same basic syntax. Nearly all of C’s operators and keywords are also present in C++ and do the same thing.
- C++ has a slightly extended grammar than C, but the basic grammar is the same.
- The basic memory model of both is very close to the hardware.
- The same notions of stack, heap, file-scope and static variables are present in both languages.
Differences between C vs C++
|Dennis Ritchie created C at AT&T Bell Labs between 1969 and 1973.||Bjarne Stroustrup created C++ in 1979.|
|Because C does not provide polymorphism, encapsulation, or inheritance, it does not support object-oriented programming.||Because C++ is an object-oriented programming language, it allows polymorphism, encapsulation, and inheritance.|
|C is a subset of C++.||It is a superset of C.|
|C contains 32 keywords.||C++ contains 63 keywords.|
|For the development of code, C supports procedural programming.||Because C++ supports both procedural and object-oriented programming paradigms, it is known as a hybrid language.|
|Because C is a procedural programming language, data and functions are separated.||In C++, data and functions are encapsulated in the form of an object.|
|C does not support information hiding.||The Encapsulation hides data to guarantee that data structures and operators are utilized as intended.|
|Built-in data types are supported in C.||Built-in & user-defined data types are supported in C++.|
|C is a function-driven language because C is a procedural programming language.||C++ is an object-driven language because it is object-oriented programming.|
|Function and operator overloading is not supported in C.||Function and operator overloading is supported by C++.|
|C is a function-driven language.|
|C structures don’t have access modifiers.|